Culture Change
30 November 2021
Killing The Things We Love PDF Print E-mail
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by John F. Schumaker   
20 July 2011
ImageAnd all men kill the thing they love,
By all let this be heard,
Some do it with a bitter look,
Some with a flattering word,
The Coward with a kiss,
The brave man with a sword.

A century on from Oscar Wilde’s immortal poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol, death comes gift-wrapped and perfumed, in beguiling guilt-free varieties, delivered with a toothy smile and prophecy of material salvation. Betrayal gets absolved as the consumer age supplants conscience with craving, and duty with self-devotion. Even with our beloved Earth and the future of humankind balanced on a knife’s edge, our killing feels strangely like a bargain.

Aimed squarely at the things we love, today’s big guns pound away from under the camouflage of normality. Greed, arrogance, discontent, false needs, compulsive desire -- hardly a fair fight. Bloated egos, inflated expectations, and grandiose entitlement deal a mortal kiss. Anything still breathing can be clubbed with shallowness, willful ignorance, moral cowardice, and a near-zero attention span.

In Escape from Evil, cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker describes consumer culture as a second-rate religion that has programed a society of ‘cheerful robots’ to martyr all to “a grotesque spectacle of unrestrained material production, perhaps the greatest and most pervasive evil to have emerged in all of history.”

With business-as-usual in the face of multiple global emergencies -- climate change, global warming, habitat destruction, extinction of species, loss of biodiversity, pollution, deforestation, land degradation, ocean depletion -- it is hard to miss the evil, or at least the madness. Spreading poverty, growing inequality, the commercialization of children, collapsing mental health, the ‘death of mind,’ the obesity epidemic, and so on -- with a culture like that, who needs enemies?

If consumer culture were a separate individual and assessed psychiatrically, its diagnosis would be criminal psychosis of the most fiendish variety. Oblivious to overarching realities, and a sickle to everything in its path, this headbanging reaper would be shackled, castrated, and incarcerated deep underground. But since its lunacy is agreed-upon, we lap it up.

Like psychopathic dung beetles, we let future generations pay as we roll up the latest cultural excretions, coming away with everything except the love that faded as life became a romance with the appetites. In a system that hawks selfishness, vanity, and exhibitionism, mercenaries easily excite with a fake orgasm of trappings and tantalizations that would otherwise be laughed off as whorish scamming. Once sold on ourselves, we can be wooed by the most impoverished of ambitions, from ‘having it all,’ and ‘living the dream,’ right on down to ‘making it to the top.’

Conformity usually reassures, even when a culture is morbidly sick. What makes our rampage so titillating is that it is bound up with cultural heroism. Excess, over-indulgence, over-consumption, dandyism, stylish indifference -- all part of the act, all trumpets of conquest. Each drop of blood dissolves shamelessly into our shared warps about prosperity, success, and ‘being somebody.’

Positivity peddlers are working overtime, but the big picture is sobering. Consumerism and predatory capitalism are not viable long-term organizing principles for a society. Our myths about progress, superfluous wealth, limitless expansion, and endless resources are formulas for global ruin. Hyper-competitive individualism is a lonely straightjacket that fuels frustration, alienation, and rage. Freedom has cheapened into a demeaning free-for-all in a prison of petty wants. As a springboard to happiness, emotional health, and social well-being, ‘the good life’ is an exhausting flop.

While cultural norms are by definition ‘normal,’ they are by no means always sane and healthy. The term ‘cultural insanity’ refers to normative templates that have become so counter-productive and self-defeating, or so misaligned to our basic human needs, that they stand to undo society or its life supports. In fact, normality can be the deadliest of foes.

All human cultures milk illusion for purposes of control and motivation, but never before has a society indebted itself so heavily to unreality. As our unreality bubble ruptures, we find ourselves in an endgame with all-or-none stakes that can only be won by way of a radical and upsetting utopian transformation. Many utopian blueprints have been floated over the ages but, for the first time, Utopia is a matter of life or death. Getting it half right or even mostly right is not enough. Idealism and reality have converged. Utopia is becoming serious business.

The Buddha called for a spiritually advanced society that imbued depth of character and full aliveness by way of selflessness, harmony with nature, liberation from worldly desire, and contemplation about truth and reality. Renaissance utopian Sir Thomas More preached for a morality-centered society with no money, no private property, a six-hour working day, and no need for lawyers. Sir Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis recounted a cultural Eden that endowed all members with ‘generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendor, and piety and public spirit.’

For cultural psychologist Erich Fromm, the only defense against our all-consuming social insanity was ‘a radical change of the human heart.’ In his 1955 book The Sane Society, he detailed a utopian model called Humanistic Communitarian Socialism to be overseen by a ‘supreme cultural council’ comprising lofty hearts and minds like Albert Schweitzer and Albert Einstein. Nowadays such a council might seat luminaries such as Satish Kumar of Schumacher College, Helena Norberg-Hodge of the International Society for Ecology and Culture, and Jan Lundberg of Culture Change.

As the last great public figure to brave a utopian vision, Einstein felt that our best chance of surviving our socio-technical system, which he equated to ‘an axe in the hand of a pathological criminal,’ was an entirely new global order that united all nations under a single ministerial authority representing the ‘common moral community of humankind,’ as he termed it in his 1946 essay “Towards a World Government.”

But already by the middle of the 20th century, we had largely given up on utopias beyond that which could be consumed or ogled. Easier to swallow were anti-utopian scenarios such as George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty Four and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World as they mirrored our heartless compliance in the face of indomitable manipulation. More recently, we recognize in films like The Matrix and The Truman Show our phantasmagoric world of factory-farmed experience that keeps us blankly nippled to fantasy, and numbed to life beyond our brainwashing.

Traditional hopes must be surrendered if consumer culture is not to fulfill its destiny as history’s greatest evil. Democracy, now a corporate puppet show starring politicians as grandiloquent eunuchs and us as fools, no longer allows for true leadership. Technology, compromised as it is by the profit motive and soaring demand for distraction and techno-trance, is as much an axe as an answer. God, increasingly hell-bent on wanting us to be rich, is resisting the green makeover that some prayed could spare Creation. Mere ‘education’ about impending doom barely dents our cultural programming.

The highest act of love in a criminally insane society is disobedience. Normality can no longer be trusted. Unconditional obedience is an unaffordable luxury. To be "well-adjusted" is to be part of the problem.

But conscientious disobedience requires a fully developed conscience, something rare in a culture pushing narcissism and moral stupor. Because of its unethical design, consumer culture also factors in a predictable amount of disobedience. Its only real vulnerabilities are the same weapons of mass persuasion conjured by our pinstriped soldiers of fortune.

In his 1928 book Propaganda, Edward Bernays writes “The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country.”

Despite its ominous title, there is nothing inherently sinister about propaganda. Intensive use of it was made in the lead-up to the American Revolution, and some of its leading patriots are still ranked among history’s most praiseworthy propagandists.

Economics, once the boring background affair it should be, is now the cornerstone for cultural consciousness. Thus we play along as commercial tacticians execute a propaganda regime so potent that children are ‘branded’ by the age of four and adults fall victim to ‘consumption disorders,’ youth fixations, and over-entertainment syndromes. So why are we not deploying similar strategies to rally a revolution that could reverse our death march?

Technically, it is possible. For the same price as the insanity-saving ‘credit crunch’ bailout, we could be well on our way to a society of minimalists, naturalists, humanitarians, and debt-dodging vegetarians. Compassion and childlessness could be chic, and conservationists sexy. Throw in half a year’s military budget and peace could be hip, education could enlighten, and eloquent simplicity could be all the rage. Fashion, fame, and flag-waving could be absurd. The ‘beautiful people’ could be beautiful people. As in Zuni culture, winning could be for losers only.

Culture and mind are infinitely flexible. There is nothing that we cannot be or believe. We are as perfectible as we are corruptible. The problem is that consumer culture is inextricably wedded to the insanity bedeviling the world. With an infrastructure of division, deceit, and disregard, it would hemorrhage from all spheres if saddled with scruples and principles. Real solutions are unthinkable for elected ‘leaders.’ The license to use propaganda on a mass scale stays in the hands of those with the least conscience. Enlightened and ethical propagandists get fingered as conspirators or budding tyrants or, if necessary, applauded into submission.

Despite everything, the collision course upon which we find ourselves is marshaling a new generation of utopians. Still in the wings, they speak in different voices to the goal of a post-consumer culture founded on socially, ecologically, and existentially sustainable values and lifestyles. Examples are Culture Change (, Resurgence (, People for a New Society (, Culture Quake (, The World Commission on Global Consciousness and Spirituality (, and Planetization Rising (

The biggest problem is that, by design, we are cultural creatures, fated to be normal except for rare individuals with enough courage and conviction to liberate themselves partially from culture’s powerful gravitational pull. Even well meaning individuals who profess concern about the unfolding apocalypse usually plod on like zombies in allegiance to their cultural norms.

In appealing to our rat-racing over-consumers to slow down, savor the freedom of simplicity, embrace frugality, cherish and protect nature, buy only essentials, go car-free, become zero-wasters and energy misers, renounce fast foods, grow some of their own food, vacation locally, rekindle compassion, have no children, graduate from family values to global values, and commit to a sustainable lifestyle governed by global vision and love of life, you are in effect asking them to see through and abandon a lifetime of cultural programming, not an easy feat for anyone. The individual is not the answer.

To be truly effective, we must master the same mind game that has brought us to the brink of calamity. Knowledge of this game allows politicians to manipulate public opinion, and corporations to mobilize trends and crazes by selling them before they even exist. If sanity is to prevail, we must become highly skilled in every available form of mass communication that can help to radicalize the public in life-restoring ways. People must feel that saving themselves and the planet is “in.”

Some are in fact mastering the mind game. Adbusters (, for instance, is an anti-consumerism organization that teaches disobedience against ‘the illegitimate laws of consumer society’ while ‘honoring the dictates of our heart and the demands of our conscience.’ Skilled in the wiles of counter-propaganda, they are poised to become a small ‘invisible government’ capable, not only of swaying individuals, but of helping to reconfigure the cultural mind in life-restoring ways.

Culture is the last great frontier. While it would be a spectacular leap of maturity on our parts, the deliberate and preemptive management of collective consciousness guided by a responsibility-based culture is the next and most important step in our evolution. Nature has lost patience with our illusions. Time is no longer our ally. The Age of Idealism has forced itself upon us.

Utopia or bust -- that is the endgame. In reality, we gladly die for the things we love.

* * * * *


John F. Schumaker is a clinical psychologist and social critic who has authored a number of books on subjects dealing with culture, cross-cultural mental health, religion, human suggestibility, and dissociation.  His latest book is In Search of Happiness: Understanding an Endangered State of Mind (Penguin, 2006; Praeger USA, 2007).  Others include The Age of Insanity (Praeger), The Corruption of Reality (Prometheus), and Wings of Illusion (Prometheus).  Originally from Wisconsin in the USA, he has spent the last 30 years living and working in different countries, including Zambia, South Africa, Thailand, Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, and most recently Christchurch, New Zealand.  Email:  jfs7777 "at"

John's previous essay in Culture Change is The Triumph of Triviality, June 2008.

Comments (7)Add Comment
Yes, yes, and yes — but no. There are no global solutions here. The climate game is being manipulated to secure power for those who wish *never* to step down. Our only hope is the disaster that is coming — nature is standing up to the blinding arrogance we have permitted to take hold. There are still times for acts of courage, small and large, but by and large utopian visions are the products of deluded minds who think we're progressing somewhere, or that we can rid ourselves of our "savagery." What they don't see, and what our culture refuses to acknowledge, is that we have not progressed. If anything we have devolved as our intellects have seized control, imagined they are separate, and blinded us to the heart connection we have had with reality for 800,000 years. We think of anyone existing more than 5000 years ago as savages, pagans, barbarians — but these are the words of a deluded species, hell-bent on control and assuring better position in the future — while not seeing the inevitability and sacredness of the present.
This One
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Hey This one, would you write an essay for Culture Change?
Jan C. Lundberg
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great stuff :) thanks
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yes indeed. Who could argue? But, taking the nihilist "thou art damned and damned onehundredfold for each any any of thy crimes" view firmly places blame but presents no solution.
Is there a way to take people from here to there? If so we should be implementing this. Every single moment of our being should be attempting to change things. If not, an assertion of superiority, spiritual or otherwise is but vain whistling in the wind. We are all part of the same universe. To divorce ourselves from others makes anything we do futile other than as feeding our own souls.If we really mean that we would help the earth then acting personally means nothing without growth into the outer world.
hope ya well
April Pressley
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Schumaker's big picture analysis of the world as it currently stands is a sobering portrayal of a global community on the edge of decline. However, the observation that "we are as perfectible as we are corruptible" reminds us that the human species has immense potential, and once a crisis is upon us, can react with powerful innovative changes and problem solving. Humans have minds that can adopt destructive or constructive beliefs based on cultural influences. With the development of global rapid information exchange, let us hope that the scales will tip toward listening to, and believing, the far-sighted teachers that are emerging to meet this challenge. One such teacher is Lester Brown, whose recent book, "World on the Edge" can serve as a guide to saving our planet.
Keep up the insightful work,
Jim S
Jim S
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Recently I learned that the "readability level" of the average magazine or newspaper article is 4th grade. For those who don't know about it, there's a great tool on Word's spellcheck that allows you to check the readability of anything. When I applied it to Schumaker's essay, it came up with 13.6. I'm grateful that there are still writers who are willing to communicate complex ideas in complex sentences.
maril crabtree
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it's been a year since any comments were posted. I was reading Wilde's poem and asked myself what it meant. Was it that we neglected to care for what we love? Last line mentions that we would gladly die for what we love. Was it we killed it before it kills us?
Thank you for the culture shock & the links in the essay. It explains why i have no appetite any more. What about the people we glamorize? Should I feel ashamed?
When I look at myself and want more than my unrealistic expectations, am I really the one to blame? Could it be all this time of giving myself a hard time, my diagnosis was provoked by digital art, glamor photography, the anti-fountainhead?

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